Packing requirements vary greatly and will depend on the type of cargo being shipped. There are many set rules for successful cargo packing. For example, any movement of the cargo within its own packaging during transit is likely to cause damage. So the tighter and more secure the packing, the less likelihood there will be of damage. We recommend you seek reliable advise on the type of packing requirements for your particular cargo.
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Packaging of your cargo is one of the most important areas of international trade & also one of the most overlooked resulting in cargo damage ,loss & costly insurance claims
The type of materials used for shipping will vary according to the product, the type of transportation (ocean or air), and the ultimate destination. However, the basic principle of packaging is known as the "unit load' concept or "unitisation." Unitisation is based upon the theory that all shippers should pack their cargo so it may be moved and handled entirely by mechanical equipment, such as lifts and cranes, throughout the distribution network. This practice reduces the need for labour, the handling of boxes, and the amount of damage. Also, it allows for faster loading and unloading by transportation equipment, more efficient distribution centre operations and a reduced level of pilferage. The reduced costs of the distributor in terms of labour and time often result in cost discounts for the exporter.
In practice, the unit load concept means that small, highly expensive items, such as calculators, should first be totally enclosed in cartons, or double, even triple wall containers to avoid pilferage and damage. Second, the boxes or containers should be secured to pallets with shrink-wrap & plastic strapping. Large items can be secured directly to pallets, assuring that they are adequately protected from damage.
In some importing countries, import duties are based on the gross weight of the item, including the interior and exterior containers and packing material. An allowance for tariff purposes is given for "tare" (the difference between the gross and net weights) and so both weights should be shown on the commercial invoice.
and against air regulation for shipping liquid or pressurize products without first informing the airline about the contents of the goods and getting permission. As leaking liquid leak may endanger passengers as well as causing the airplane to malfunction - in other words, you can go to jail.
Consideration to keep in mind when shipping is theft. Theft can be a common problem in some foreign ports. So don’t advertise the contents of your shipping containers with flashy logos or name branding.